How the ATP and WTA rankings work: how factors are distributed on the Australian Open

One of absolutely the certainties {of professional} tennis is the rating system.

In actual fact, the standing of an expert tennis participant is acquired by showing in its rating, after all worldwide, because it means assembly the factors and necessities to participate in tournaments, at varied ranges, acknowledged by the Affiliation of Tennis Professionals and the Ladies’s Tennis Affiliation, i.e. the ATP and the WTA.

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The standing of every tennis participant is decided by their place on this rating, which is clearly primarily based on their efficiency in qualifying tournaments. Seeded positions are decided by place within the rating.

Not all of the qualifying occasions rely on these associations as a result of, for instance, the 4 Grand Slam occasions rely on the Worldwide Tennis Federation – though, in observe, they’re unbiased – in addition to, on the different excessive, the ITF circuit, which is essentially the most modest stage {of professional} tennis.

The rankings attempt to replicate as precisely as doable the efficiency of every tennis participant. Since its institution – 1973 within the case of males and 1975 within the case of girls – it has undergone a number of reforms, though the idea is similar: to offer a steady analysis through the 52 weeks of the yr.

Whoever reaches the primary place, at any time, can now boast of getting been World #1 for the remainder of their life, though ‘the #1 of the yr’ is whoever occupies the place on the finish of the season.

Novak Djokovic

Novak Djokovic

The present configuration, comparable within the males’s and girls’s circuits, dates again to 1998-99, when the ATP established a ‘mini-circuit’ of tournaments within the class instantly beneath the Grand Slams, and to make sure that they might have a line-up consistent with their class, made it obligatory for all tennis gamers with a enough rating to take part. Whoever didn’t achieve this, would obtain a ‘0’ within the corresponding field. They had been the Tremendous 9, now referred to as Masters 1000.

Since then, though every participant can take part in as many tournaments as they need, each will get their rating via the sum of a most of 19 tournaments. For the ‘prime 30’ the 4 Grand Slams are necessary: Australian Open, Roland Garros, Wimbledon and US Open and eight Masters 1000 (Monte Carlo shouldn’t be necessary).

Linked to this construction is the scoring of every event. For a number of seasons now, the ATP and WTA circuits have been naming the event classes based on their profitable rating: 1,000 factors within the ATP and WTA 1,000, then 500 and 250. Under these are the Challenger and ITF circuits, with decrease scores. In fact, every event has a special rating per spherical, together with qualifiers.

The important thing to the system is that the factors earned by every tennis participant final 52 weeks of their rating. Which means annually they’re obliged to repeat or enhance on the earlier yr’s efficiency so as to not lose positions.

Successful a Grand Slam means 2,000 factors, but when the next yr the title is not defended, that tally disappears and the factors gained are fewer than the earlier yr. That’s the reason a participant can achieve positions with out taking part in and one other can lose them even with good outcomes.

Aryna Sabalenka.

Aryna Sabalenka.

In 2024, nevertheless – and regardless of the rumors a couple of unification of circuits – the ATP has launched a number of new options within the scoring system that primarily have an effect on the Grand Slams, since taking part in these occasions is prioritized to the detriment of the minor tournaments.

For instance, there can be no factors for many who lose within the first spherical of any event, besides within the Grand Slams and within the prolonged draw of the remainder of the classes.

Factors are additionally awarded to those that cross the qualifying rounds of the Grand Slams however, in the remainder of the classes, factors will solely be awarded within the final spherical of the section. Factors are elevated in these occasions in all rounds, besides in case of defeat within the first spherical and to the champions. Factors are additionally elevated for ATP 500 and 250 occasions, whereas factors are barely decreased for Challengers.

How are the factors distributed on the Australian Open 2024?

All Grand Slams have the identical scoring construction based on spherical.

  • Champion: 2,000 factors
  • Finalist: 1,300
  • Semifinals: 800 (780 WTA)
  • Quarter-finals: 400 (430 WTA)
  • Spherical of 16: 200 (240 WTA)
  • Third spherical: 100 (130 WTA)
  • Second spherical: 50 (70 WTA)
  • First spherical: 10
  • For passing the qualifying spherical: 30 (40 WTA)
  • Third spherical of qualifying: 16 (30 WTA)
  • Second spherical of qualifying: 8 (20 WTA)
  • First spherical of qualifying: 0 (2 WTA)

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